Allergies and children
Allergies are very common among children and even when most of times it's a minor concern, in certain circumstances an allergy may become a life threatening condition, especially alimentary and insect bites allergies, thus it's a good idea to be prepared in case of an emergency.
The most common allergic manifestations are located on the upper respiratory tract and include runny nose, sneezes and cough, however there are also skin manifestations known as urticaria (red, different sized, elevated, itchy spots) and 90% of them may be handled successfully with oral medication.
The problem arises during the first allergic manifestations, especially if symptoms are not mild, because the allergic response responsible is not known, neither the potential severity of symptoms, thus when a kid develops an allergic reaction the first time, it's mandatory to find medical help, no matter if symptoms are mild.
Since the cornerstone of allergy treatment is to avoid contact with the substance producing allergy (known as allergen), first reactions are critical to evaluate and determine which is the specific allergen responsible of the reaction.
To detect the specific allergen the doctor will focus on the clinical history and characteristics of the allergic reaction, however if it's not possible this way, specific allergy tests will be carried out in order to identify the problem.
Once the allergen has been detected, the most important thing is to avoid contact with the problem substance, however if it's not possible (such as hay fever), specific drugs will be prescribed in order to ease symptoms.
When the allergic reaction is particular intense, especially on food allergies, patients must carry on emergency treatment such as adrenaline pens. On this regard both, patients and caregivers must be aware of severe allergic reaction symptoms and must know how to use the emergency device.
It's very important to inform your kid's teachers, relatives and closest friends about the allergy problem in order to avoid accidental contact if you are not present. At the same time your kid could receive help from their friends, teachers or relatives in case of a severe allergic reaction even if you are not near.
Remember to teach your kid as much as you can about allergy, on this regard, the most the kid knows, less the risks.
Fortunately most of allergies will disappear by the time you kid becomes a teenager or the symptoms will render milder, however on the cases of food allergies this does not happens and the allergy will last forever.
Regardless the case, a close medical control is always important to evaluate evolution and prognosis of allergies.