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16 Dec '17

Basics procedures to handle diarrhea at home

Posted by Sandra Sosa

Diarrhea is one of the commonest diseases on small children and a real threat not only for their health but their lives too; thus it's not a surprise that parents are real concerned when they kids suffer diarrhea, especially the smallest.

There's a myriad causes of diarrhea, from viral infections (the commonest cause) to neoplasms and immune diseases; however regardless the cause, all types of diarrhea represent a risk because of dehydration then, even before calling the doctors, dehydration must be addressed.

On this regard oral rehydration solutions are the treatment keystone and something that every parent must have among the children's emergency treatments; particularly when traveling since during trips diarrhea tends to be more frequent Oral Rehydration Therapy(traveler's diarrhea).

Of course that medical advice is always necessary, however it's mandatory to know how to deal with diarrhea before getting medical attention in order to avoid serious complications or even dead and considering that dehydration is the main associated problem of this illness, rehydration procedures must be properly performed by all parents and care givers.

Even when the cause of diarrhea must be identified and treated (when required), that's not the main goal; instead preventing dehydration is, and doing it is very easy; you only need to count with oral rehydration solutions and a lot of patience.

In case of traveling abroad, oral rehydration salts are also available. These salts are easier to carry on, have no traveling restriction and are easy to use; you only have to dissolve the package content on 1 liter of previously boiled water and you'll have a oral rehydration solution ready to be used.

Regardless the use of salts or prepared solutions, once you have the solution, first thing to do is refrigerate it; not only because it will be easier to drink, but also to preserve the solution up to 24 hours. At the end of this period of time, all the remaining solution must be disregarded.

The form to administer oral rehydration solutions is easy. You only have to give  your child the solution after each deposition. The total amount will vary according to the child's age, from a few ounces on babies up to a cup on toddlers; so be sure to have up to date the proper volume while your kid grows up.

So, remember, after each diarrhea deposition, oral rehydration solutions must be given. In the case of associated vomiting; oral rehydration solution must be administered also after each vomit. If vomit appears shortly after the last rehydration solution administration, repeat it.

There's not an oral rehydration solution maximum dose, so use it as required to prevent dehydration and meanwhile find proper medical attention for further indications.

Remember, dehydration is the main killer when talking about diarrhea, thus to prevent it, is the key to avoid critical complications.

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